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CyberArk PAS (Privileged Access Security) Configuration Notes

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CyberArk is an info security company mainly dedicated to privileged account security. The CyberArk Privileged Account Security solution comprises features that secure, monitor and manages confidential accounts.
The major components used widely are following:

  • Enterprise Password Vault
  • Central Policy Manager (CPM)
  • Password Vault Web Access (PVWA)
  • Privileged Session Manager (PSM)

PAM Architecture

PAM Solution High Availability Design

PAS Configuration Steps after installation

DC
1. CyberArk Bind User –  [email protected]
2. Define follow LDAP CyberArk groups- Cyberark mapping roles
CyberArk Vault Admins – Vault Admins
CyberArk Safe Managers – Safe Managers
CyberArk Auditors – Auditors
CyberArk Users – Users

PVWA
1. Activate PSM
2. Deactivate ‘Require users to specify reason for access’
3. Integrate LDAP

Vault
1. Manual restart the vault service, will not start Event Notification Engine service.

LDAP Integration

Notification

Vault Backup Steps

Step 1: The Vault Backup utility (PAReplicate.exe) generates a metadata backup in the Vault’s Metadata Backup folder, then exports the contents of the Data folder and the contents of the Metadata Backup folder to the computer on which the Backup utility is installed.
Step 2: After the replication process is complete, the external backup application copies all the files from the replicated Data folder and the Metadata folder.
Keep the replicated files on the Backup utility machine after the external backup application copies all the files. The next time you run the Backup utility to the same location, it will update only the modified files and reduce the time of the replication.

CMD Backup

Script:

@echo off
cd “c:\Program Files (x86)\PrivateArk\Replicate”
echo %date% %time% Start of task > ReplicateBatch.log
echo User=%UserName%, Path=%path% >> ReplicateBatch.log
PAReplicate.exe Vault.ini /logonfromfile user.ini /fullbackup 1>> ReplicateBatch.log 2>> ReplicateBatch.err
echo %date% %time% End of task >> ReplicateBatch.log

Scheduled Job:

  • Runas Local System (run with highest privileges set)
  • Program/script: “c:\Program Files (x86)\PrivateArk\Replicate\PAReplicate.exe”
  • Add arguments: vault.ini /logonfromfile user.ini /fullbackup
  • Start in: c:\Program Files (x86)\PrivateArk\Replicate

Password Management Architecture

Session Manager Architecture

Privileged Threat Analytics Architecture

Key Features of Core PAS

Standard Core PAS Componets

RDP Traffic Flow

Vault, Components and Clients

References:

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